Pompeii or Ostia Antica: Which Ancient Roman City Should You Visit?

History Fangirl has just turned six years old! To make sure all travel guides are up to date, some posts are getting overhauled, which means you may come across posts that are under construction. Note: This post may contain affiliate links. Please see my disclosure page for more details.

If you’re a history lover headed to Italy, you likely have a trip to Pompeii or Ostia Antica in mind (or even both).

But sometimes, you just don’t have enough time to have both amazing sites on your itinerary. If you are trying to decide which one to visit, here are twelve points to consider when your itinerary comes down to Pompeii versus Ostia Antica. 

Essential Travel Resources for 2021 & 2022

These are my favorite companies that I use on my travels.

Find the best deals on hotels & vacation rentals on Booking.com.

For road trips and ground transportation, rent a car through Discover Cars.

Find the best city tours, day tours, bus tours, & skip-the-line tickets on GetYourGuide.

For packing and travel essentials order via Amazon.

For travel guidebooks to have with you during your trip, I always pick one or two (or five) from Rick Steves, Lonely Planet, Moon Travel Guides, or Fodor’s Travel Guides.

See also
50 Hilarious Rome Puns & Inspiration for Rome Instagram Captions

Get reliable travel insurance through World Nomads.

Book an affordable family or romantic photography session on your trip through Flytographer (Use the code HISTORYFANGIRL for 25% off your first photoshoot).

Choose Pompeii if…

Here are four reasons you should choose Pompeii: 

…you want to see the most famous archeological site in the world.

Italy - Pompeii

While you can learn a ton about ancient Rome at either Ostia Antica or Pompeii, you’ll want to choose Pompeii if you’re looking for a bit more pizazz. It’s arguably the most famous archeological site in the world. When it was discovered, it made a huge splash and inspired art and decor across the world.

While you’ll come back with your trip with great photos and great memories either way, if you want to visit the more traditionally famous place, then pick Pompeii.

…you want to explore southern Italy.

Italy - Amalfi Coast

While it’s possible to visit Pompeii from Rome on a guided tour (though it’s a super long day), pick Pompeii if you want to spend time in southern Italy. We visited Pompeii from Sorrento, but it’s also a popular day trip from Naples. 

This part of Italy is just spectacular, and it deserves a few days of exploration beyond Pompeii. Whether you spend your time on the Amalfi coast or in the city of Naples, it’s an entirely different region of Italy to get to know.

…you’re curious about the famous Bodies of Pompeii

Italy - Pompeii

Ostia Antica was abandoned when another port city was built to serve Rome, but the way that Pompeii fell into ruins is one of the most famous stories in the world. When Mount Vesuvius erupted, the population was left to die where they stood. 

Today the bodies pose both a curiosity and a reminder of the tragedy that happened in the city. Nothing gives a more visceral explanation of just why Pompeii is so well preserved like seeing the tortured remains of the city’s last inhabitants.

See also
The 50 Most Beautiful Beaches in the Mediterranean for a Spectacular Mediterranean Vacation

Good travelers will remember their etiquette while seeing them – these are the remains of people after all. However, it is something that is unique to the city and offers an important educational opportunity. 

…you want to see intact murals and artwork

Italy - Pompeii

Because Pompeii was preserved under ash and dirt, the artwork on the walls of the houses is simply stunning. The colors are vibrant and the portraits bring the city’s inhabitants to life.

There are many famous houses in Pompeii with beautiful artwork. You can read up here so you don’t miss any during your visit. 

Choose Ostia Antica if…

While you should choose Ostia Antica if these four points are important to you:

…you’ll be based in Rome

Italy - Rome

While it’s technically possible to visit Pompeii from Rome (like on this guided tour) it’s only really possible to DIY a day trip from Rome to Ostia Antica. So if you’re going to be staying in Rome, Ostia Antica is the far easier trip. 

I have an entire guide on how to visit Ostia Antica from Rome, which makes it easy to DIY your day trip with train information and tips for visiting the park. However, you can also take a guided tour of Ostia Antica, complete with the tour company arranging your train tickets ahead of time so you don’t have to worry about it. 

If you plan on visiting Rome in winter, don’t skip a visit! Just make sure to dress appropriately.

…you love stories about famous Romans

Italy - Ostia Antica

If you like visiting sites and knowing that a particular famous Roman was there in person or contributed to it in some way, then head to Ostia Antica. Marius attacked the city in the first century BC as part of the civil wars between Marius and Sulla. However, it’s history goes further than that.

Because Ostia Antica served as the port of Rome, most of the Romans in power contributed to the city’s defenses or progress in some way. This includes Pompey and Cicero during the Republic and the Emperors Tiberius and Claudius. 

See also
33 Fabulous Things to Do in Florence: Sites to See & Best Activities in Florence, Italy

…you want to avoid the crowds

Italy - Ostia Antica

Pompeii was crowded when I visited a few years ago, and it’s only gotten more and more popular since then. If the thought of winding up in the middle of a hundred teenagers on a high school field trip fills you with rage, then Pompeii just might not be the place for you.

Yes, there are quiet corners you can find in Pompeii, but there will also be times on your tour where you need to memorize the back of your tour guide’s neck in case a sea of people walks through your group just so that you can find your way back.

Plus, you’ll want to invest a little extra in a skip-the-line ticket to avoid getting stuck behind people before you’ve even made it into the park. 

At a certain point, it all just begins to be too much. If you’re longing for a quiet day exploring away from throngs and throngs (and throngs) of people, then I would choose Ostia Antica. In fact, they don’t even sell a skip-the-line ticket since there’s almost never a line to skip!

…you only want to spend a few hours at the site

Italy - Ostia Antica

Yes, there are short tours of Pompeii (like this 2-hour tour), but you can’t really give the enormous city-sized site justice in just an hour or two.

There’s simply far too much to see. So if either site can easily be worked into your itinerary, and what it comes down to for you is time, then Ostia Antica is a smaller place to explore. 

You’ll feel like you really saw everything, instead of rushing around trying to see stuff. You can save Pompeii for your next Italian vacation when you have more time to invest in doing it properly. 

Choose Both for…

Whether you choose Ostia Antica or Pompeii, you’ll be happy to know that these are what the two sites have in common:

See also
Planning a Visit to Ostia Antica from Rome & Ostia Antica Tips!

…amazing historic sites

Italy - Ostia Antica - Amphitheater

Whichever you choose, Ostia Antica or Pompeii, you’re in for a great time exploring ancient Roman history! You can walk through the ruins of shops, theaters, and avenues. Both sites come alive around you. 

…ancient Roman religion and culture

Italy - Pompeii Mural

So much of what you learn about ancient Rome is typically about politics and personalities. However, these two sites are great for learning more about how Roman religion worked, important cultural practices, and how the people lived their every day lives.

…breathtaking ruins

If you love beautiful ruins, then you can’t choose wrong. Both sites have the kind of architectural decay that inspires Gothic novels and pre-Raphealite paintings. 

…having history come alive

Italy - Pompeii

While I adore visiting the Roman Forum and other ancient sites in cities, it’s different when you’re walking through an entire abandoned city. Instead of the ruins being situated in between modern gelato shops and pizzerias, you can walk block after ancient block. This makes it so much easier to see how the city once upon a time. 

5 Things to Bring with You to Either Pompeii or Ostia Antica

Italy - Ostia Antica

The Lonely Planet Italy guidebook or the Rick Steves Italy guidebook for your trip. It can be kind of a pain to find the major guidebooks once you arrive in Italy, or you’ll find them overpriced. I always like to pick mine up ahead of time.

An Unlocked Cell Phone so that you can use an Italian sim card while here to help navigate the trains.

Backup Charging Bank for your cell phone since you’ll be using it as a camera, GPS system, and general travel genie.

A Camera since both Ostia Antica and Pompeii are super photogenic. I use a mix of my Nikon D810 and my  Samsung8 smartphone these days. (Though many of these pics in this post were on my old Nikon D40).

See also
27 Seriously Instagrammable Places in Milan: Photo Spots You'll Love!

A Great Day Bag so you can carry what you need with you (like your camera, snacks, water, sunscreen, cash, etc). My current favorite is the Pacsafe Citysafe, which is especially great for Italy because it has many anti-theft features.

Guided Tours Mentioned in this Post

Italy - Ostia Antica

Here are all the tours mentioned in this post in an easy-to-reference list.

Guided Tours of Pompeii

Naples and Pompeii: Full-Day Tour from Rome with Lunch

From Sorrento: Discover Pompeii and Mount Vesuvius

From Naples: Pompeii Ruins & Mount Vesuvius Day Tour

Pompeii: Fast Track Entrance Ticket with Audio-Guide

Pompeii: 2-Hour Small-Group Tour with an Archeologist

Guided Tours of Ostia Antica

From Rome: Ostia Antica 4-Hour Guided Tour

More Italy Travel Resources

I love Italy! Here are all my Italy resources to help you plan your trip, organized by destination.

Italy Country Guides

Italy - Rome - Stephanie at the Baths of Caracalla

Before you leave for your trip, enjoy these books about Italy and beautiful Italy quotes to help get you inspired!

Florence

Duomo,Di,Firenze,The,Florence,Cathedral,Santa,Maria,Del,Fiore

This magical Rennaisance capital belongs on everyone’s Italy bucket list. Check out the best things to do in Florence and these beautiful quotes about Florence.

Milan

Italy - Milan - The Last Supper - Stephanie Selfie

I adore Milan! I’m *this close* to calling it my favorite city in Italy.

While here, make sure to enjoy the best things to do in Milan, what to eat in Milan, and what to do in Milan at night! And don’t skip any of the best Milan hidden gems!

Only plan on being here for a few days? Check out my three-day Milan itinerary.

Make sure to go on a Tour of the Last Supper (and buy your tickets early!). When you’re done, check out these other beautiful Milan historic churches.

If you want to get out of the city, here are the best day trips from Milan and how to visit Lake Como from the city.

See also
How to Tour Da Vinci's The Last Supper & Get Tickets for Santa Maria delle Grazie

Headed to Milan from late November through early March? Check out the best things to do in Milan in winter and what to do in Milan at Christmas.

Once you’re here, use these quotes about Milan for your Instagram captions!

Finally, before you arrive, check to see if there’s a special Milan festival happening while you’ll be in the city!

Rome

Italy - Rome - Stephanie at a Museum in Rome

Rome was the first European city I ever visited, and it stole my heart! While here, make sure to see the Roman Forum.

Looking for a history-themed day trip from Rome? You can visit Ostia Antica! (Not sure if Ostia Antica is right for you? Here’s how to choose between Ostia Antica or Pompeii).

Venice

Italy - Venice - Stephanie on a Vaporetto

Venice is absolutely beautiful. Use these beautiful quotes about Venice for your picture captions.

Naples & the Amalfi Coast

Cup of fresh espresso coffee in a cafe with view on Vesuvius mount in Naples, Campania, Southern Italy

Headed to Naples? Here’s the perfect one-day-in-Naples itinerary.

You can enjoy these beautiful quotes about the Amalfi coast to inspire your trip!

Italy is Included in These Round-Ups

Italy - Stephanie - Battle of Cannae
Italy is beautiful, no matter which region you’re in!

The Most Beautiful Beaches in the Mediterranean

The Best Books to Read on Vacation

The Most Beautiful Castles in the World

The Best Wine Countries in the World

Where to Go in Europe in September

The Most Underrated Cities in Europe

The Best Opera Houses in Europe

1001 Ideas for Travel Tattoos

Before You Leave for Italy – Don’t Forget Travel Insurance!

Make sure you have a valid Travel Insurance Policy because accidents happen on the road.

I use World Nomads for my long trips to Europe, and I happily recommend them. It’s especially important to get travel insurance if you’ll be hanging out in cities (like Rome, Milan, Venice…ahem) where tourists can be the victims of pickpockets.

Italy is the only country I’ve been to (out of almost seventy) where I’ve had someone try to pick my pocket!

I have been a paying customer of World Nomads for travel insurance for two years, and I happily recommend them.  If you get sick, injured, or have your stuff stolen, you’ll be happy to have the ability to pay for your medical bills or replace what’s stolen or broken.

Get a Travel Insurance quote for your trip.

See also
25 Most Underrated Cities in Europe for a Fabulous Vacation without the Crowds

Pin This Guide to Choosing Between Ostia Antica or Pompeii for Your Trip to Italy

Pompeii or Ostia Antica: Which Ancient Roman City Should You Visit?
Ostia Antica or Pompeii: Which Ancient Roman City Should You Visit?

2 thoughts on “Pompeii or Ostia Antica: Which Ancient Roman City Should You Visit?”

  1. I enjoyed reading your post as it brought me back to my trips to both Ostia & Pompeii. I also appreciate the fascinating nuggets of history you weave into your post. I am a history fan too, and an ardent traveller. So I really enjoy your blog. 🙂

    Reply

Leave a Comment